The Ladies Skerrs dome, Meadow Haven, Berwick – Alison Tymon

This visit to coastal exposures around the town of Berwick-upon-Tweed will examine good coastal exposures of cyclothems, deposited in river deltas, swamps and shallow sea close to the equator. The strata include coal, fireclay, limestone and sandstone, some containing fossils. We will also examine structural evidence for the Berwick Monocline and associated faults, formed during the Variscan Orogeny. Note: this excursion is repeated from 2017, as part of a weekend visit by Yorkshire Geological Society; EGS members are welcome to attend, but transport from Edinburgh is not provided.

Read the Code of Conduct and Safety Guidelines and book your place …

Excursion title:

Cyclothems, fossils and the Berwick Monocline

Date & time:

Sunday 17 July 2018, meet 10.15 am in Berwick

Finish time:

3.30 pm in Berwick


Alison Tymon, EGS

Excursion aims and description:

To examine the fossils and features of the coals, fireclays, limestones and sandstones of the cyclothems of the Lower Carboniferous Alston Formation and see structural evidence for the Variscan Berwick Monocline and associated faults.


Train from Waverley Station, Edinburgh, at 9.08 arriving Berwick at 9.51. Return train at 16.14 arriving Waverley at 16.56 (times tbc).
Private cars meet at Berwick beach car park NU 002 536 at 10.15.

Meeting point:

Berwick Station at 9.51 to be met by leader to walk to Berwick beach car park NU 002 536 to meet car drivers at 10.15.

First locality:

Berwick beach car park NU 002 536 at 10.15. No charge, but limited spaces. Toilets and ice-cream van.

Excursion route:

Short walk N to Burgess Cove, then walk S towards Berwick pier along cliff path to visit beaches. Follow section of Berwick ramparts to quayside at Berwick old bridge. Footpath along N side of R. Tweed to return to Berwick station. Bring picnic lunch.

Terrain, walking distance, height gain:

Total walking distance about 5 km along footpaths and coastal path. Steep steps to Burgess Cove. Rocky shorelines. Minor height gain.

Specific or Medium- / High-Risk Hazards:

Cliff paths, but these are well-used and fenced off in precipitous locations. Cliffs beside beach sections. Low tide mid-day.

Control measures required to mitigate against any Hazards referred to above:

Warnings of potential dangers on or near cliffs will be given.

Hard hats or Hi-viz clothing needed?

Hard hats advised if participants wish to go close to the cliff faces.

May dogs be brought on the excursion?


Toilet information:

Public toilets at Berwick beach at the start/end of the excursion, in Berwick and at Berwick station.

Geological mapsheet for reference:

Berwick-upon-Tweed and Norham, Sheets 1 and 2 (England and Wales)

OS mapsheet for reference:

Explorer Sheet 346


Northumbrian Rocks and Landscape – a field guide (Yorkshire Geological Society)

Shiells, K.A.G. 1964 The Geological Structure of North-East Northumberland. Trans. Royal Soc. Edin. Vol. LXV, 1962-63

Roper, H. 1997 Origins of the Berwick Monocline: geometrical and geophysical considerations. Scottish Journal of Geology 33, (2), 133-148

View route map for EGS Excursion on